NLSI, with the Lunar and Planetary Institute’s Center for Lunar Science and Exploration [CLSE] and its international partner– the Canadian Lunar Research Network– organized a Field School at the Sudbury Impact Structure as a week long classroom and field training program based in Sudbury, Ontario, on October 1-5, 2012.

The program followed the immersive training and education given to Apollo astronauts to introduce students to impact cratering processes and observe, in the field, the attributes of an immense impact basin.

Skills developed prepare students for thesis studies in impact cratered terrains, whether they be on Earth, the Moon, Mars, or some other solar system planetary surface.

This field training will lead to further collaborative work between US and Canadian scientists that will greatly enhance the productivity of our lunar science and exploration programs.


Students examine the Onaping breccia that was produced by the Sudbury impact event 1.85 billion years ago (also studied by Apollo astronauts in the latter stages of the Apollo program, see below). The immense Sudbury Igneous Complex was the central impact melt pool produced by that impact event. Credit: Kring/LPI


Apollo 16 geologic training-exercises in Sudbury, Ontario, Canada July 7-9 1971; Charles Duke (left) and John Young studying traverse map prepared for them during geologic traverses at Sudbury. Both astronauts have electric Hasselblad cameras, similar to the ones they would use on the Moon, mounted on their chest plates. Credit: NASA

Posted by: Soderman/NLSI Staff
Source: NLSI team

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  • Observations of the lunar impact plume from the LCROSS event

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    McMath‐Pierce telescope observed sodium (Na) emission from LCROSS impact on October 9, 2009.When the Lunar Crater Observing and Sensing Satellite (LCROSS) impacted Cabeus crater on October 9th, it pitched up frozen water along with some sodium, astronomers reported today.

    According to the LCROSS team, the impact event pitched up about 660 pounds of water frozen on the bottom of the crater. NLSI researcher R. M. Killen at NASA’s Goddard Spaceflight Center reported that the plume also contained about 3.3 pounds of sodium chloride.

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Moonquakes have been measured by seismometers emplaced by the Apollo astronauts.

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