If the Moon is colonized by the United States within the century, is it a possibility that the Moon will become a province/state of America?
I doubt that very much. The Moon (like Antarctica) is covered by an international treaty that forbids any nation from claiming all or part of it. Besides, I think you may be confused by the term “colonized”, which is not really the right term for space exploration. The most we might anticipate is a few thousand people living on the Moon; it will never be practical for large numbers of people to move there. In contrast, all of states of the the United States have populations of about a million or more.
NLSI Interim Director
May 2, 2007